lose relative of Mexico's
psychoactive species, Psilocybe semilanceata is
a mushroom whose physical appearance
resembles Psilocybe semperviva Heim &
Cailleux and Psilocybe
Stalks generally single, sometimes clustered, from two to four inches in
height, the thickness of a goose quill, thread shaped whitish almost solid, the
tube being very small, glutinous; ring, a little below the cap, scarce
“ Cap, from one to two inches in breadth, of a brown color; in the full. grown
ones hemispherical, always convex, and more or lets glutinous; wet with
rain, it becomes browner and transparent,'so that it sometimes appears
“ Gills numerous, single, of a brownish purple color, clouded; whole ones
about twenty, horizontal, three shorter ones placed betwixt them; they throw
out a powder of a brownish purple color."
With respect to the use of it, he only says, « There is nothing acrimonious or
disagreeable in its taste, yet its appearance will not recommend it to the
lovers of mushrooms."
Figure 9 - Drawing and description of Psilocybe semilanceata by J. Sowerby (London, 1803).
1733. A. semilanceatus Fries (Observ. II. pag. 178).
Synon. : Agaricus semiglobatus Sowerby (Engl. Fungi taf. 240.
fig. 1-3). Hut etwas hautig, spitz kegelfdrmig, fast zugespitzt, 11/2 Cent.
breit, 1/2 Cent. hock, feucht klebrig, fein streifig, gelb oder grunlich,
zah, mit Anfangs umgeknicktem Rande und leicht trennbarer Oberhaut.
Stiel zah, gebogen, 11 Cent. hock, kahl, blass. Lamellen angeheftet,
aufsteigend, purpur-schwarz. Sporen ellptisch, hellbraun, 9 -16 u
lang, 4 - 9 u dick.
Ax Wegen, auf Grasphitzen, besonders wo Mist gelegen hat.
spitzkegeliger Kahlkopf (Psilocybe semilanceata). Kegel-glockenformig mit
papilenertiger spitze Hut-o,5-1 cm breit, bis 2cm hock, lehmfarben mit olivgrunem
Stich, klebrig. Lamellen breit, oliv-lehmfarben, spater purpurbraun.
Stiel schlank, glanzend. - Gedungte Wiesen, Wegrander. Stellenweise.
Figure 10 - Two descriptions of Psilocybe semilanceata from the German-language
literature. The first description (top) was written over a hundred years ago, while the
second one (bottom) dates to 1962. Significantly, the more recent entry classifies the
species as "essentially worthless". Also see Figure 11.
mexicana Heim. Like Psilocybe semilanceata, these
Mexican species thrive in meadows and pastures.
Another common trait among these species is the
rather subdued and subtle quality of their bluing
reaction. Recognition of these similarities with
Mexican species sparked the curiosity of scientists
who wanted to learn more about Europe's
Psilocybe species. A research team that included
A. Hofmann and R. Heim began to study samples
of Psilocybe semilanceata, in collaboration with C.
Furrer, a mycologist who examined fruiting bodies
collected in Switzerland and France. By 1963,
paper chromatography testing had yielded data of
historic significance. For the first time, scientists
had e creek on wood chips of
Carpinus, Alnus and Salix, on raw compost
mixtures of Picea, Pinus and Larix needles,
Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. Jan.
Figure 21 - Fruiting curve of Psilocybe
cyanescens based on observations at several
locations in the former Czechoslovakia.
The mycelia make use of different kinds
of plant debris and even grow on wet cardboard,
where they develop into rhizomorphs just like
they would in nature. Rhizomorphs are thick
strands of mycelia that serve to transport
nutrients and water. They also develop intense
blue stains (see Figure 22).
Distribution pattern of Psilocybe
cyanescens in Germany and adjacent areas
(according to Krieglsteiner). Locations are
indicated by black dots.
rhizomorphs growing on
Figure 24 - Psilocybe cyanescens at a natural location (USA).
Figure 25 - Psilocybe bohemica on twigs and leaves.
Psilocybe bohemica is a very psychoactive
species. Its effects are vividly documented in the
following account of one natural scientist's
experience as part of controlled clinical trials in
About 30 mg of psilocybin in mushroom
tissue was prepared in hot water, with effects
already noticeable ten minutes after ingestion. I
grew increasingly quiet. At first, my legs began to
tingle, then my underarms as well. Aside from a
deeper breathing rhythm, few other somatic effects
were noted. Initially there were fits of laughter
caused by unusual cognitive associations; this
laughter also affected the two "sober" guides. A
growing hyperacuity interfered with the ability to
listen to music, so that Vivaldi's "Springtime"
caused painful stabs inside the brain. I compared
the pain to that caused by a "sawing knife". The
experimenters appeared bloated and yellow...
Existing bodily characteristics, such as thinning
hair stimulated a person's illusionary
transformation into a monk with tonsure. Their
voices also appeared reverent and, from a
somewhat paranoid point of view, these gentlemen
at times seemed to be working a switching station
that, for some reasons, was my enemy. At the same
time, I found both of them to be quite likeable.
During this time period, the other female subject
perceived fantastic images of moving colors and
saw visions of her whole life unfolding behind
closed eyes. During this period, I had the distinct
impression that an electrical current was flowing
through my body, which was not an uncomfortable
sensation. About three hours later, the gentlemen
retired to the kitchen and the nature of the
experience changed quite drastically.
At first I felt as if my legs were increasingly
merging into the wall, a very comfortable
experience. In a state of utter clarity of
consciousness, I finally felt as if I had no body at all.
I said. "The most descriptive expression is the
experience of a pure soul". Using words as triggers,
we were able to induce shared experiences o
mail katkorea.co.kr loc:NL Growing Mushrooms Mushrooms To Grow Willis then goes on to say that, P. ovatus has intoxicated people
near Sydney. Remember that P. ovatus is not psychoactive and these
mushroom poisonings were probably caused by the consumption of
various Copelandia mushroom species probably Copelandia
According to the physician Dr. A. E.
mail telekritika.kiev.ua loc:NL
For more than two days she and her companions were afraid to report their illness to the proper medical
authorities, which resulted in delayed treatment and death . Drug educators and those who are involved in
Drug Abuse programs, especially teachers in public schools, should make aware to their students or patients that
doctors and hospitals will not report their activities to law enforcement agencies when treating them for their drug
habits. Mushroom Grow Kits Magic Mushroom Grow
Mail Piat-Pk.Org Loc:Nl
, this "fool's mushroom" was documented in
Slovakia as well. In addition, the mushroom found
its way into the verses of Polish poet Vaclav
Potocki (1625-1699), who refers to its potential of
"causing foolishness much like opium does ".
Similarly, in England, John Parkinson's
"Theatricum Botanicum" (1640) includes details
about a 'foolish mushroom ".
The Austrian colloquial expression "He
ate those madness-inducing mushrooms" refers to
states of mental confusion.
Historic source materials such as these
are scarce and widely scattered. Undoubtedly, they
refer to psychotropic mushrooms, but lack
sufficient information to permit clear identification
of a specific species. However, considering the
habitats and occurrence of Psilocybe semilanceata
and Psilocybe bohemica, these two species are
among the most likely candidates (see page 16 ff.).
It is remarkable that these historic portrayals
revolve around just one aspect of the mushrooms'
overall effects: the occasional semi-schizophrenic
reaction which can at times be quite dramatic.
None of these accounts reflect a distinct
appreciation of mushrooms in the tradition of the
Mexican Indians ("teonanacatl" = flesh of the
Between Reverence and Fear
By contrast, in Europe we find that the
symptoms of mushroom intoxication have always
been compared to symptoms of mental illness.
Such cross-cultural differences in value judgments
can be explained in terms of two concepts
introduced by R.G. Wasson and his wife:
mycophilia and mycophobia. This distinction subdivides
cultures with different traditional attitudes
towards mushrooms into two groups. For instance,
an entrenched dislike for mushrooms (mycophobia)
in Britain indicates traditional beliefs vastly
different from those found in Slavic countries,
where mushrooms are generally cherished
(mycophilia). The origins and evolution of such
diverging attitudes remain lost in the shadows of
The development of early cultural taboos
and prohibitions against psychotropic mushrooms
may be the root cause of enduring mycophobic
behavior. On the other hand, it is possible that,
thousands of years ago, the process of harvesting
mushrooms as a food source caused alarming
clusters of regionally isolated cases of fatal
mushroom poisonings. Such experiences may well
have seeded a potent and lasting aversion towards
an entire country's mycoflora.
Similarly, the mycophilia typical of
ancient Mexican cultures goes hand in hand with a
general social acceptance of the effects of
Psilocybe mushrooms and their established ritual
usages. Among Mexican Indian tribes, the effects
of psilocybin have never been causally linked to
any type of known mental illness. It is interesting
to note that the Indians of Mexico were the only
Indians in the Americas who also harvested a large
number of mushroom species for food.
Unfortunately, our current socio-political
climate is - strongly biased against newly
discov Magic Mushrooms Effects Mushroom Grow
mail catv.kz loc:NL cubensisharvesting