In this report, the doctor believed that although the survey involved surfers and their female
friends, there is no suggestion that the use of these drugs is confined to this group, which constitutes but a proportion of our
young drug taking community. It is thus likely that word-of-mouth communication made a significant contribution to the
increasing use of magic mushrooms in Australia and NZ.
In l970, twelve years after Psilocybe cubensis was identified on the Australian continent, two other scientists Picker and Rickards, 1970
reported that they had found psilocybine, but no psilocine, in specimens of Australian collections of P. subaeruginosa.
firstname.lastname@example.org loc:NL Mattbrowndaffqldgovaulocnl ile this is the exception, it
may well be a representation of the so-called
In Nature, these colors are associated
with the bluing Psilocybe and Panaeolus species.
These mushrooms could have grown on several
substrates, such as fallen twigs and raw compost,
grounds littered with the remains from evergreen
and deciduous trees or dung left behind by pasture
animals. Among the mushroom species that may
have grown in the area thousands of years ago, the
most likely candidates are relatives of Psilocybe
cubensis and Panaeolus cyanescens (dunginhabiting
species), Psilocybe semilanceata (a
nitrophilic species) as well as Psilocybe
cyanescens, a species that grows on top of raw
Considering the impressive nature of
existing historic evidence, the obvious question
would seem to be whether any of these species can
currently be found in Africa, where the cradle of
mankind is located.
African Species Related to
Interestingly, on October 24, 1912, R.
Maire first collected several specimens of bluing,
dark-spored mushrooms which he found growing
on raw compost underneath some cedar trees in
Algeria, at Chrea Pass near the city of Blida south
of Algiers. He collected additional specimens every
year up until 1926 and published his findings in
1928, naming the species Hypholoma cyanescens
Later on, G. Malencon classified a number
of similar specimens from his own samples
collected in the Central Atlas Mountains (Morocco)
as belonging to this species. In 1973, Singer then
classified the species as Psilocybe mairei Sing.
Krieglsteiner, however, considered this species to
be identical with Psilocybe cyanescens Wakefield,
as found in Europe. Thus, bluing Psilocybe species
can still be found in Africa today.
In his monograph on Panaeolus
mushrooms from the 1960's, Ola'h mentions two
Panaeolus species that are strongly psychoactive:
- Panaeolus africanus Ola'h and
- Panaeolus tropicales Ola'h
There are also accounts from Africa about
typical hallucinatory intoxications, caused by
mistaken identification of a yellow Stropharia
species as a culinary mushroom. In 1945, E.R.
Cullinan and D. Henry described 22 cases in
Nairobi, which occurred in July of that same year.
The symptoms started one hour after
ingestion of the mushrooms, peaked within three
hours and then persisted for 24 to 48 () hours.
Symptoms consisted of emotional imbalance, fits of
mirthful and irresponsible laughter alternating
with depressive moods, during which patients felt
they wanted to die. Patients were unable to sleep,
due to nightmarish feelings that descended when
they closed their eyes... They remained conscious
throughout the experience and their speech, while
somewhat uncontrolled, was rational.
In 1957, A.D. Charters reported additional
cases of intoxication from Nairobi: On May 18,
1949, a man and his wife - both Europeans who
resided in Nakuru, ate generous portio
email@example.com Carola Lnarod Mudjaheddin De Loc Nl
Although Dr. Stocks suggested that the hallucinogenic effects of these mushrooms were more potent
than either lysergic acid diethylamide LSD or mescaline , it should be pointed out that many
users of these drugs prefer the natural experience of the mushrooms since this has a shorter duration of
3 to 6 hours as opposed to the 8 to 12 hour experience of LSD, mescaline or MDA.
Stockss paper on mushroom poisoning presents us with two case histories of psilocybian intoxication. Zhangyuanquanztecomcnlocnl
Indeed, Agrippinas motive in
murdering her husband was to assure the succession to Nero, in which endeavor
success crowned her efforts. Claudius at the time of his death was said to be
favoring Britannicus, and it was even rumored that he had bequeathed the Empire
to Britannicus in a will that Agrippina destroyed.
The young man who was to be known as Nero had as his tutor from A.D. Oyster Mushrooms Mushrooms Psilocybin
firstname.lastname@example.org loc:NL Psychedelic